SD-WAN

"Real time" tab

This grid shows the list of routers used in the firewall's configuration: router objects, default gateway and routers configured in filter rules (PBR: Policy Based Routing) and return routes.

Possible actions

  • The Search field makes it possible to filter the grid by the name of a router or a gateway. When filtering is applied to the name of a gateway, the router that uses it will appear in the grid.
  • The Collapse button makes it possible to hide all the gateways that make up the router objects used in the configuration, and show only information regarding these routers.
  • The Expand button makes it possible to show all the gateways that make up the router objects and all the information relating to routers and gateways.
  • The Refresh button allows refreshing the display of data in the table.
  • The Export results button allows downloading a file in CSV format containing all of this information.
  • The Configure routing link makes it possible to go directly to routing configuration (Configuration > Network > Routing module).
  • The Reset columns button makes it possible to reinitialize column width and display only columns suggested by default the first time the host monitoring window is opened.

Grid

The Real time grid displays the following data:

Routers/Gateways

Applies to all routers and gateways.

Name of the router or a gateway that makes up a router.

Type

Applies only to gateways.

Indicates the type of route in which a gateway is used.

 

The possible values are:

  • Policy-based routing,
  • Default route.
Status

Applies to all routers and gateways.

The status of a router is determined by the status of its gateways.

 

The possible values for a main gateway are:

  • Active: gateway in optimal condition and in use,
  • Active: main gateway in a degraded condition and in use,
  • Unreachable: main gateway not responding to pings,
  • Not monitored: no pings have yet been sent for this gateway.

The possible values for a backup gateway are:

  • Standby: the backup gateway is in an optimal or a degraded condition,
  • Unreachable: the backup gateway is not responding to pings,
  • Not monitored: no pings have yet been sent for this gateway.

The possible values for a router are:

  • Functional: all its gateways are in an Active state.
  • Functional:
    • At least one of its gateways is in an Active state and all the others are on Standby,
    • At least one of its gateways is in an Active state and all the others in any other state,
    • All its gateways are in an Active state or on Standby,
    • At least one of its gateways is on Standby.
  • Standby: all other combinations of statuses of gateways that make up the router.
IP version

Applies only to gateways.

Version of the IP protocol used in the gateway. The possible values are:

  • (IPv)4,
  • (IPv)6.
IP address

Applies only to gateways.

IP address of the gateway (does not exist for a router).

SD-WAN SLA

Applies only to routers.

Indicates whether an SLA has been set for the router.
The possible values are:

  • Enabled,
  • Disabled.
Detection method

Applies only to routers.

Shows the type of pinging to determine the status of a router.

The possible values are:

  • ICMP,
  • TCP Probe (protocol used).
Main/backup

Applies only to gateways.

Indicates whether the gateway is defined as the main gateway or backup gateway in the router.

Last checked

Applies only to gateways.

Date and time the gateway was last pinged.

Latency (ms)

Applies to all routers and gateways.

For routers: indicates the threshold configured in the object.

For gateways, indicates the latency measured during the last ping.

Jitter (ms)

Applies to all routers and gateways.

For routers: indicates the threshold configured in the object.

For gateways, indicates the jitter measured over a moving period of 10 minutes.

Packet loss

Applies to all routers and gateways.

For routers: indicates the threshold configured in the object.

For gateways, indicates the packet loss rate measured for a gateway over a moving period of 10 minutes.

Unavailability rate

Applies to all routers and gateways.

For routers: indicates the threshold configured in the object.

For gateways, indicates the percentage of time spent in an inactive or unreachable status over a moving period of 10 minutes.

SLA status

Applies to all routers and gateways.

Indicates whether the router’s gateways complied with the defined SD-WAN SLA (when it is enabled in the router object definition).
The SLA status of a router is determined by the SLA status of its gateways.

 

The possible values for a gateway are:

  • Good: the gateway meets all the SLA thresholds defined,
  • Degraded: the gateway does not meet at least one of the SLA thresholds defined,
  • Unreachable: the gateway is not responding to pings (ICMP or TCP Probe depending on the detection method chosen).
  • Not monitored: no pings have yet been sent for this gateway.

NOTE
When you scroll over the SLA status of a gateway, a window will show the values of the various metrics measured and defined thresholds. These values are color-coded, making it possible to identify the metrics behind the status of the gateway.

 

The possible values for a router are:

  • Good: all its gateways have a Good SLA status.
  • Degraded: at least one of its gateways has a Degraded SLA status, regardless of the SLA status and its other gateways.
  • Unreachable: all the gateways on the router have an Unreachable SLA status.
  • Not monitored: no pings have yet been sent over the gateways of this router.
Last status change

Applies only to gateways.

Time of the last status change and time lapsed since the gateway's status was last changed.

Available since

Applies to all routers and gateways.

Time lapsed since the gateway's or router’s availability was last changed.

Router ID

Applies only to gateways.

Unique gateway ID.

Fairness

Applies only to gateways.

Percentage of the gateway used in the router object when load balancing is set.

History tab

No curves are displayed by default the first time the History tab is accessed.

  1. Select a router from the drop-down list.
    The first router (in alphabetical order) in this router will then be selected automatically and curves relating to this gateway’s metrics will be displayed.
  2. If you wish to display curves from another gateway, or display the curves from another gateway in addition to the one selected by default, use the Select a gateway (max. 10) drop-down list.
    A maximum of 10 gateways can be selected at the same time.

Three graphs appear for each gateway selected:

  • Jitter and latency,
  • Packet loss rate and unavailability rate,
  • Status balancing for the gateway: percentage of time spent in each possible status (Functional, Degraded and Unreachable).