List of new EWC URL categories

New URL category Description
ads (Advertisements and ad content) Sites that provide advertising graphics or other ad content files that appear on Web pages.
advice (Forums, discussion groups and FAQs) Sites for sharing information in the form of forums, discussion groups and FAQ websites on which users chat and receive answers to the questions that they ask. This category does not include the specific sections of corporate websites on which customer queries are answered (FAQ).

Sites that offer the sale of alcoholic products, or which contain information on alcoholic products, such as alcohol brands.

astrology Sites that promote, provide or share information on beliefs relating to astrology such as horoscopes, zodiac signs, etc. This category also includes similar beliefs not related to astrology, such as numerology, fortune telling, etc., but does not include organized religions or cults.
auto (Motorized vehicles) Sites containing information on motorized road vehicles such as cars, motorcycles, go-karts, etc.
blogs (Personal websites) Sites about individuals, either hosted by them or by commercial websites (such as Blogger, AOL, etc.).
business (Business activity) Sites that obtain sales information such as corporate websites, that help organizations of all sizes to conduct their daily business activity.
c&c (Malware command and control websites) Websites that generally exploit malware already installed on the user's host. A malware download may sometimes be in progress when the user connects to the website, if the site both hosts and exploits the malware.
computersandsoftware (Software download websites) Sites that contain downloadable software, whether shareware, freeware, or for a charge. This category may also cover some online app stores.
drugs (Pharmaceuticals, alcohol and tobacco) Sites that obtain information on the use or sale of legal pharmaceuticals, medical accessories, alcohol or tobacco products. This category includes the categories alcohol, tobacco and pharmacy (Pharmaceuticals). Illegal drugs are covered by the category narcotics (Drugs and narcotics).
education (Teaching and learning) Sites sponsored by educational institutions and schools of all types including distance education. This category includes educational and reference materials, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, online courses, teaching aids and discussion guides.
entertainment Sites containing programming guides to television, movies, music and video (including video on demand), celebrity sites, and entertainment news.
filesharing (Peer-to-peer) Sites that enable files to be directly exchanged and downloaded between users without dependence on a central server. This category also includes some torrent sharing websites and torrent trackers.

Sites related to banking, finance, payment or investment, including banks, brokerages, online stock trading, stock quotes, fund management, insurance companies, credit unions, credit card companies, and so on. Some local banks may not be covered by this category.

food Sites with content relating to food and non-alcoholic beverages, such as recipes, ingredients, amount of calories, etc.
fraud (Fraudulent websites)

Known fraudulent websites that aim to obtain information, payments and credentials from users through false declarations or fraudulent means. For example, online stores that offer very low prices for popular products that will never be sent. This category does not include phishing websites.

gambling (Online betting and gambling)

Sites that offer or are related to online gambling, lottery, casinos and betting agencies involving chance. In general, such websites require users to pay before they can start placing bets.
While some of these websites are legitimate (prizes and jackpots can be won), others are fraudulent (no chances of winning anything).
This category includes websites that provide tips and tricks that describe effective methods to earn money from gambling, as well as online lottery websites.

games (Computer games and consoles)

Websites that provide, promote or sell games, including online games, computer games and board games, either for free or with a subscription. This category also includes game discussion forums, guides, cheats, etc.

government (Government departments or agencies) Sites run by governmental or military organizations, departments, embassies or agencies, including police departments, fire departments, customs bureaus, emergency services, civil defense, counterterrorism organizations and hospitals.
hacking Sites that promote or give advice about how to gain unauthorized access to proprietary computer systems, for the purpose of stealing information, perpetrating fraud, creating viruses, or committing other illegal activity related to theft of digital inform.
hate (Hate, racism and discrimination)

Sites that promote any form of supremacy (political, religious, racial, etc.).
This category includes websites that encourage oppression of people or groups of people based on their race, religion, gender, age, disability, sexual orientation or nationality. It also includes websites belonging to terrorist organizations and websites discussing aggressive sports and/or promoting violence.

health (Health care) Sites that contain information relating to healthcare institutions, and preventing and treating illnesses. Websites that offer information or products for weight loss, dieting, steroids, anabolic products or human growth hormones, as well as information on aesthetic surgery.
hobbies Sites that offer information relating to leisure activities and pastimes such as collecting, art and crafts, etc.
homograph (Homographic websites) Websites with domain names that visually resemble legitimate domain names, but which use different character sets, such as Cyrillic characters that match Latin characters, e.g., 'a', 'p' and 'e'. Although these domain names are visually identical to the original domain names, they are generally used for malicious purposes.
hosting (Website hosting) Free or commercial website hosting services that allow individuals or organizations to create and publish websites.
illegal (Illegal software activities) Sites relating to software piracy and associated forums, that illegally distribute or help to distribute copyrighted content and software, pirated software, key generators and serial numbers to facilitate the illegal use of software programs. Some of these websites may also be detected as pornographic or relating to alcohol/cigarettes if they publish ads in these industries to earn money.
illegalactivities (Illegal activities) Sites with content that would be considered illegal in most countries, including, for example, content relating to the sexual exploitation of minors. This category does not include computer hacking or narcotics.
im (Instant messaging/chat) Instant messaging and chat websites that allow users to chat in real time (such as ICQ, AOL Instant Messenger, IRC, MSN, Jabber, Yahoo Messenger, etc.). This category also includes and, which both embed instant messaging services.
jobsearch Sites containing job listings, career information, assistance with job searches (such as resume writing, interview tips, etc.). This category includes job offer aggregators, but does not contain recruitment agencies or the career pages of corporate websites.
kids (Children's websites) SItes designed for use by children, with content such as children's stories, games and media.
lifestyle (Fashion, beauty and lifestyles) Sites devoted to fashion, beauty products and tattoos.
lingerie (Lingerie and swimwear) Sites that promote or sell lingerie, undergarments and bathing suits.
malware (Malicious software) Sites that contain or provide malicious software in the form of executable files, vulnerability exploitation tools, JavaScript or any other malicious programs.
malware-hd (Probable malicious software) Sites that are deemed to potentially contain or provide malicious software, but may also not contain any. As this status is stricter than the "Malware" status, it may generate false positives. For a strict inspection, this status should raise an alert on websites. For a normal inspection, this status can be ignored.
marijuana (Marijuana and derived products) Sites that sell marijuana and associated products, as well as sites that provide information and forums on growing marijuana and its effects.
maturecontent (Content for adults only) Sites targeting an adult audience. This category includes a wide array of websites, ranging from the Kama Sutra, sex education websites to hardcore porn. It groups the categories lingerie (Lingerie and swimwear), nudity, sextoys (Erotic gadgets), sexualeducation and sexualcontent (Other sexual content).
miners (Cryptocurrency miners) Sites that attempt to mine cryptocurrency in the user’s web browser by using the computer's resources. In general, such sites hide this from the user, but may sometimes inform the user.
misc (Miscellaneous) Websites that do not present any danger, but which may have been classified under one or several other categories.
narcotics (Drugs and narcotics)

Sites with information on the purchase, manufacture, and use of illegal or recreational drugs and their paraphernalia, and misuse of prescription drugs and other compounds. This category contains the categories marijuana (Marijuana and derived products) and narcoticsgeneral (Drugs other than marijuana).

narcoticsgeneral (Drugs other than marijuana) Sites that offer information on illegal narcotics other than marijuana (which is included in the category marijuana [Marijuana and derived products]) This category also includes websites that explain the ingredients, use and manufacture of drugs, or which offer them for sale or exchange.

Sites covering news and current events such as newspapers, newswire services, personalized news services, broadcasting sites, and magazines. This category aims to cover local and international information websites, but some specifically local websites may not be covered.

nudity Websites that discuss and promote nudism, and other non-pornographic websites on which human nudity is the main topic, generally in the form of a documentary or an art. This category does not include websites that fall under the category porn (Erotic content and pornography).
occult (Occult and supernatural) Websites that discuss and promote supernatural occult or "magic" practices such as witchcraft, voodoo, Satanism, etc. This category does not include websites that fall under astrology and religion (Religious and sectarian proselytizing).
onlinedating (Dating websites)

Sites that promote networking for interpersonal relationships such as dating and marriage. This category includes sites for match-making, online dating, spousal introduction, escort services, either paid or free. As most popular social media can be used as online dating websites, some such as Facebook are also detected under this category.

onlinepay (Online payment) Sites that offer online payment or money transfers. This category includes popular payment websites such as PayPal and Moneybookers. It also heuristically includes pages on websites that request credit card information, which makes it possible to detect hidden, unknown or illegal online stores.
onlineshop (Online shopping) Sites for online shopping, catalogues, online sales, auctions or classified ads.
pets Websites that sell pets and accessories for pets, or which provide information and discussion forums on owning and caring for pets.
pharmacy (Pharmaceuticals) Websites that offer medical information on pharmaceuticals, or which offer medical advice and sell pharmaceuticals.
phishing Sites that are used for deceptive or fraudulent purposes (e.g. phishing), such as stealing financial or other user account information. These sites are most often designed to appear as legitimate sites in order to mislead users into entering their credentials.
photosonline (Images and photos) Sites that host digital photographs and images, online photo albums and digital photo exchanges.
piracy (Software and hacked content) Websites that promote or offer content for distribution without the consent of the copyright owner.
porn (Erotic content and pornography) Sites that share erotic content and pornography. Includes subscription websites and free websites that provide images, stories and videos, and also covers pornographic content on mixed-content websites.

Sites that aggregate information from multiple sources and various domains and which generally offer features such as search engines, electronic mail, news and to information on leisure activities.

privateipaddress (Private IP addresses) Sites that are private IP addresses as defined in RFC 1918, i.e., hosts that do not require access to hosts in other organizations (or require just limited access).
pua (Potentially undesirable applications) Sites that host potentially undesirable applications, often installed and used by third parties for malicious purposes without the user’s consent. This category includes software programs such as web proxies or socks proxies, remote administration tools, location tracking tools, etc.
radiomusic (Radio and music websites)

Sites that offer online music streaming services: from online radio stations to websites that provide on-demand audio content (free or paid).

realestate Websites that offer the sale and rent of real estate properties such as real estate agencies.
religion (Religious and sectarian proselytizing) Sites that promote a religion or sect. This category also includes discussion forums linked to one or more religions.

Sites enabling the searching of the Web, newsgroups, images, directories, and other online content. This category includes portal and directory websites such as white pages/yellow pages.

sextoys (Erotic gadgets) Websites that offer the sale of erotic products and accessories.
sexualcontent (Other sexual content) Websites with sexual content that do not correspond to any other category that deals with eroticism or pornography.
sexualeducation Websites offering content intended for sex education, and which is not of a pornographic nature.

Sites that enable social networking for online communities of various topics, for friendship, dating, or professional reasons. Specialized social media as YouTube are listed in the videos (Video/photo) category.

society (NGOs or political parties) Websites dedicated to specific social functions such as NGOs, political parties, etc.
spam (Sites referenced as spam) Sites that have been promoted through spam techniques.

Sites relating to sports teams, fan clubs, scores and sports news. This category includes sports that are practiced on a professional or recreational basis.

suicide Websites that promote suicide. This category does not include suicide prevention clinics.
tabloids (Sensational media) Soft porn and celebrity gossip websites. Many information websites that publish such content may have sub-categories listed under this category via heuristic detection.
timewasters Websites on which users tend to spend a lot of time. These may be websites belonging to other categories such as social media, entertainment websites, etc.

Websites that sell or advertise tobacco products, or which encourage smoking.

travel Sites that provide travel and tourism information or online booking or travel services such as airlines, accommodations, car rentals.
unknown Resources on a website required for it to be displayed properly (images, css, js, etc.) or uncategorized websites.
untrusted (Compromised URLs) Compromised URLs with particular features, which give the impression that they are not reliable.
videos (Videos/photos)

Sites that host videos or photos downloaded by users or provided by various content providers (e.g., Youtube, Metacafe, Google Video, Picasa or Flickr). This category also includes videos embedded on other websites and blogs.

weapons Sites that depict, sell, review or describe guns and weapons, including for sport.
webmail (Online messaging) Sites that enables users to send and receive email through a web-accessible email.
webproxy (Anonymizers and proxies) Sites and proxy servers that act as an intermediary to enable browsing other sites anonymously, spoofing an address, bypassing web filtering and attempting to access forbidden content.