Limitations and explanations on usage
This is an early-access feature.
Dynamic multicast routing implemented in version 4.5 has the following limitations:
- IGMPv1 is not supported,
- IGMP Snooping is not supported,
- PIM Dense Mode is not supported,
- PIM Sparse-Dense Mode is not supported,
- PIM BiDir is not supported,
- Multicast BGP Extension is not supported,
- MSDP (Multicast Source Discovery protocol) is not supported,
- AnycastRP is not supported,
- IPv6 and the MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery) protocol are not supported,
- Static multicast routing and dynamic multicast routing cannot be enabled at the same time,
- Dynamic multicast routing tables are not synchronized in HA,
- Bridges and bridged interfaces cannot be selected as interfaces participating in dynamic multicast routing,
- The AutoRP protocol is not supported,
- In HA configurations, interfaces that participate in dynamic multicast routing must have a static IP address,
- The intrusion prevention engine does not analyze the PIM protocol,
- The number of interfaces on the firewall that participates in dynamic multicast routing is restricted to 32.
This is an early-access feature.
Refer to the section on Known issues before enabling this feature.
This is an early-access feature.
Ensure that you have read the section on Known issues before enabling this feature or updating an existing QoS configuration to an SNS 4.5 version or higher.
The following limitations have been placed on QoS implemented in SNS version 4.5:
- Maximum bandwidth supported: 1 Gbps,
- Interfaces supported:
- Virtual IPsec (VTI),
- PRIQ and CBQ queues are not compatible with one another and must not be used on the same traffic shaper,
- All thresholds set on queues must be expressed either in absolute values only or percentages only.
- The amount of reserved bandwidth must not exceed the traffic shaper’s bandwidth.
If web services are used in the firewall's configuration, the DNS protocol analysis must be enabled.
Jumbo frames supported on SN160, SN210 and SN310 firewall models
Even though the size of jumbo frame MTUs can be set to a maximum of 9216 bytes on SN160, SN210 and SN310 firewalls, do note that due to the hardware limitations on these models, the software will verify the checksums of packets with MTUs higher than 1600 bytes. As a result, this may affect the overall performance of these firewall models.
Support reference 83580
The list of TPM-equipped firewall models is provided in the section Trusted Platform Module in the SNS User Guide.
After an update to SNS version 4.5, secrets stored in the TPM must be sealed with the new technical characteristics of the system, by using the command: tpmctl -svp <TPMpassword> .
For more information on this topic, refer to the Stormshield knowledge base.
PROFINET RT protocol
Support reference 70045
The network controller used on SNi40, SN2000, SN3000, SN6000, SN510, SN710, SN910, SN2100, SN3100 and SN6100 firewalls has been upgraded and allows VLANs with an ID value of 0. This measure is necessary for the industrial protocol PROFINET-RT.
However, IX network modules (fiber 2x10Gbps and 4x10Gbps equipped with INTEL 82599) and IXL modules (see the list of affected modules) were not upgraded and therefore cannot manage PROFINET-RT.
Optimized distribution of encryption/decryption operations
In a configuration containing a single IPsec tunnel through which several data streams pass through, enabling the mechanism that optimizes encryption/decryption operations may disrupt the sequence of packets and cause the recipient to reject encrypted packets based on the size of the anti-replay window configured.
Interruption of phase 2 negotiations
The Charon IPsec management engine, used in IKEv1 policies, may interrupt all tunnels with the same peer if a single phase 2 negotiation fails.
This occurs when the peer does not send notifications following a failed negotiation due to a difference in traffic endpoints.
As mentioned earlier, the behavior of the Racoon IPsec management engine was modified in version 4.1.0 so that this issue no longer occurs in Racoon <=> Charon tunnels.
However, you may still encounter this issue when the Charon IPsec management engine negotiates with an appliance that does not send failure notifications.
A Certificate Revocation List (CRL) is not required. Even if no CRLs are found for the certification authority (CA), negotiation will be allowed.
A CRL can be made mandatory with the use of the "CRLRequired=1" parameter in the CLI command "CONFIG IPSEC UPDATE". When this parameter is enabled, you must have all the CRLs in the certification chain.
Support reference 37332
DPD (Dead Peer Detection)
The VPN feature DPD (Dead Peer Detection) makes it possible to check whether a peer is still up by sending ISAKMP messages.
If a firewall is the responder in an IPsec negotiation in main mode, and DPD has been set to "inactive", this parameter will be forced to "passive" in order to respond to the peer's DPD queries. During this IPsec negotiation, DPD will be announced even before the peer is identified, so before even knowing whether DPD queries can be ignored for this peer.
This parameter has not been modified in aggressive mode, as in this case DPD would be negotiated when the peer has already been identified, or when the firewall is the initiator of the negotiation.
IPsec VPN IKEv2
The EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) protocol cannot be used for the authentication of IPsec peers using the IKEv2 protocol.
In configurations that implement NAT-T (NAT-Traversal - transporting the IPsec protocol through a network that performs dynamic address translation), the translated IP address must be defined as the ID of a peer that uses pre-shared key authentication and for which a local ID in the form of an IP address had been forced.
A backup configuration cannot be defined for IPsec peers using IKEv2. In order to implement a redundant IKEv2 IPsec configuration, you are advised to use virtual IPsec interfaces and router objects in filter rules (PBR).
In order to ensure a firewall's connectivity with a 4G USB modem, HUAWEI equipment in the following list must be used:
Other key models may work, but they have not been tested.
Routing - Network directly connected to an interface on the firewall
Support reference 79503
Whenever a network is directly connected to an interface on the firewall, the firewall creates an implicit route to access this network. This route is applied prior to PBR rules (Policy Based Routing): PBR is therefore ignored for such networks.
Spanning Tree protocols (RSTP / MSTP)
Stormshield Network firewalls do not support multi-region MSTP configurations. A firewall implementing an MSTP configuration and interconnecting several MSTP regions may therefore malfunction when managing its own region.
If MSTP has been enabled on a firewall and it is unable to communicate with equipment that does not support this protocol, it would not automatically switch to RSTP.
Due to the way they operate, RSTP and MSTP cannot be enabled on VLAN interfaces and PPTP/PPPoE modems.
On SN160(W) and SN210(W) firewall models, the presence of unmanaged switches would cause the status of the firewall's network interfaces to stay permanently "up", even when they are not physically connected to the network.
The firewall's interfaces (VLAN, PPTP interfaces, aggregated interfaces [LACP], etc.) are grouped together in a common pool for all configuration modules. When an interface previously used in a module is released, it becomes reusable for other modules only after the firewall is rebooted.
Deleting a VLAN interface will change the order of such interfaces the next time the firewall starts. If such interfaces are listed in the dynamic routing configuration or monitored via SNMP MIB-II, this behavior would cause a lag and may potentially cause the service to shut down. You are therefore strongly advised to disable any unused VLAN interfaces instead of deleting them.
The possibility of adding WiFi interfaces in a bridge is currently in experimental mode and cannot be done via the graphical interface.
On SN160(W) models, configurations that contain several VLANs included in a bridge will not be supported.
Configurations containing a bridge that includes several unprotected interfaces, and a static route leaving one of such interfaces (other than the first), are not supported.
Bird dynamic routing
With the Bird dynamic routing engine in version 1.6.8, in configurations that use BGP with authentication, the "setkey no" option must be used. For further information on Bird configuration, refer to the Bird Dynamic Routing Technical Note.
When a Bird configuration file is edited from the web administration interface, the Apply action will send this configuration to the firewall. If there are syntax errors, the configuration will not be applied. A warning message indicating the row numbers that contain errors will prompt the user to correct the configuration. However, if a configuration containing errors is sent to the firewall, it will be applied the next time Bird or the firewall is restarted, preventing Bird from loading correctly.
If the firewall has been reset to its factory settings (defaultconfig) after a migration from version 2 to version 3 then to version 4, the order in which routing will be evaluated changes and policy-based routing [PBR] will take over priority (policy-based routing > static routing > dynamic routing >…> default route). However, if the firewall has not been reset, the order of evaluation stays the same as in version 1 (static routing > dynamic routing > policy-based routing [PBR] > routing by interface > routing by load balancing > default route).
Support reference 78677
Cookies generated for multi-user authentication
After a new security policy is implemented on mainstream web browsers, SNS multi-user authentication no longer functions when users visit unsecured websites via HTTP.
When this occurs, an error message or a warning appears, depending on the web browser used, and is due to the fact that the authentication cookies on the proxy cannot use the "Secure" attribute together with the “SameSite” attribute in an unsecured HTTP connection.
The web browser must be manually configured to enable browsing on these websites again.
Find out more
Support reference 51251
Whenever the firewall receives INFORM DHCP requests from a Microsoft client, it will send its own primary DNS server to the client together with the secondary DNS server configured in the DHCP service. You are advised to disable the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Protocol (WPAD) on Microsoft clients in order to avoid such requests.
Support reference 3120
The NTP client on firewalls only supports synchronization with servers using version 4 of the protocol.
If a configuration backup is in a version higher than the current version of the firewall, it cannot be restored. For example, a configuration backed up in 4.0.1 cannot be restored if the firewall's current version is 3.9.2.
Network objects with automatic DNS resolution (dynamic objects), for which the DNS server offers round-robin load balancing, cause the configuration of modules to be reloaded only when the current address is no longer found in responses.
DNS name objects cannot be members of object groups.
Filter rules can only be applied to a single DNS name object. A second FQDN object or any other type of network object cannot be added as such.
DNS name objects (FQDN) cannot be used in a NAT rule Do note that no warnings will be displayed when such configurations are created.
Custom web service objects make it possible to lift these limitations, so you are strongly advised to use web services and custom web services.
When a DNS server is not available, the DNS name object will only contain the IPv4 and/or IPv6 address entered when it was created.
If a large number of DNS servers is entered on the firewall, or if new IP addresses relating to DNS name objects are added to the DNS server(s), several requests from the firewall may be required in order to learn all of the IP addresses associated with the object (requests at 5-minute intervals).
If the DNS servers entered on client workstations and on the firewall differ, the IP addresses received for a DNS name object may not be the same. This may cause, for example, anomalies in filtering if the DNS object is used in the filter policy.
When a filter rule uses load balancing (use of a router object), the destination interface listed in the filter logs may not necessarily be correct. Since filter logs are written as soon as a network packet matches the criteria of a rule, the outgoing interface will not yet be known. As such, the main gateway is systematically reported in filter logs instead.
The option Activate heuristic analysis is not supported on SN160(W), SN210(W) and SN310 firewall models.
Link aggregation (LACP)
Support reference 76432
Link aggregation (LACP) is not compatible with the 40G SFP+ LM4 network module (reference NA-TRANS-QSFP40-SR).
When the passive member of a cluster is migrated from SNS v3 to SNS v4, established IPsec tunnels will be renegotiated; this is normal.
HA interaction in bridge mode and switches
In a firewall cluster configured in bridge mode, the average duration of a traffic switch was observed to be around 10 seconds. This duration is linked to the failover time of 1 second, in addition to the time that switches connected directly to the firewalls take to learn MAC addresses.
A session routed by the filter policy may be lost when a cluster is switched over.
High availability based on a cluster of firewalls of differing models is not supported. Clusters in which one firewall uses 32-bit firmware and the other uses 64-bit firmware are also not allowed.
VLAN in an aggregate and HA link
Support reference 59620
VLANs belonging to an aggregate (LACP) cannot be selected as high availability links. This configuration would prevent the high availability mechanism from running on this link — the MAC address assigned to this VLAN on each firewall will therefore be 00:00:00:00:00:00.
In SNS version 4, the following are the main features that are unavailable for IPv6 traffic:
- IPv6 traffic through IPsec tunnels based on virtual IPsec interfaces (VTI),
- IPv6 address translation (NATv6),
- Application inspections (Antivirus, Antispam, URL filtering, SMTP filtering, FTP filtering and SSL filtering),
- Use of the explicit proxy,
- DNS cache,
- SSL VPN portal tunnels,
- SSL VPN tunnels,
- Kerberos authentication,
- Vulnerability management,
- Modem interfaces (especially PPPoE modems).
In cases where the firewall is in high availability and IPv6 has been enabled on it, the MAC addresses of interfaces using IPv6 (other than those in the HA link) must be defined in the advanced properties. Since IPv6 local link addresses are derived from the MAC address, these addresses will be different, causing routing problems in the event of a switch.
Events sent via the IPFIX protocol do not include either the proxy's connections or traffic sent by the firewall itself (e.g.: ESP traffic for the operation of IPsec tunnels).
Reports are generated based on logs recorded by the firewall, which are written when connections end. As a result, connections that are always active (e.g.: IPsec tunnel with translation) will not be displayed in the statistics shown in activity reports.
Whether logs are generated by the firewall depends on the type of traffic, which may not necessarily name objects the same way (srcname and dstname). In order to prevent multiple representations of the same object in reports, you are advised to give objects created in the firewall's database the same name as the one given through DNS resolution.
GRE protocol and IPsec tunnels
Decrypting GRE traffic encapsulated in an IPsec tunnel would wrongly generate the alarm "IP address spoofing on the IPsec interface". This alarm must therefore be set to Pass for such configurations to function.
Rewritten HTML code is not compatible with all web services (apt-get, Active Update) because the "Content-Length" HTTP header has been deleted.
NAT is not supported on instant messaging protocols
Support reference 35960
Keep initial routing
The option that makes it possible to keep the initial routing on an interface is not compatible with features for which the intrusion prevention engine must create packets:
- reinitialization of connections when a block alarm is detected (RESET packet sent),
- SYN Proxy protection,
- protocol detection by plugins (filter rules without any protocol specified),
- rewriting of data by certain plugins such as web 2.0, FTP with NAT, SIP with NAT and SMTP protections.
Support for address translation operations on the H323 protocol is basic, namely because it does not support NAT bypasses by gatekeepers (announcement of an address other than the connection's source or destination).
Support reference 35328
If the "Keep original source IP address" option has been enabled on the FTP proxy, reloading the filter policy would disrupt ongoing FTP transfers (uploads or downloads).
Filter rules that specify an out interface included in a bridge without being the first interface of such a bridge will not be applied.
Network objects may be allowed to use multi-user authentication (several users authenticated on the same IP address) by entering the object in the list of multi-user objects (Authentication > Authentication policy).
Filter rules with a 'user@object' source (except 'any' or 'unknown@object'), with a protocol other than HTTP, do not apply to this object category. This behavior is inherent in the packet processing mechanism that the intrusion prevention engine runs. The message warning the administrator of this restriction is as follows: "This rule cannot identify a user logged on to a multi-user object."
Geolocation and public IP address reputation
Whenever a filter rule specifies geolocation conditions and public address reputation, both of these conditions must be met in order for the rule to apply.
If IP addresses of hosts are distributed via a DHCP server, the reputation of a host whose address may have been used by another host will be assigned to both hosts. In this case, the host's reputation may be reinitialized using the CLI command monitor flush hostrep ip = host_ip_address.
Support reference 31715
Separate filters cannot be used to filter users within the same URL filter policy. However, special filter rules may be applied (application inspection), with a different URL filter profile assigned to each rule.
Captive portal - Logout page
The captive portal's logout page works only for password-based authentication methods.
The SSO agent authentication method is based on authentication events collected by Windows domain controllers. Since these events do not indicate the source of the traffic, interfaces cannot be specified in the authentication policy.
Support reference 47378
The SSO agent does not support user names containing the following special characters: " <tab> & ~ | = * < > ! ( ) \ $ % ? ' ` @ <space>. As such, the firewall will not receive connection and disconnection notifications relating to such users.
Multiple Microsoft Active Directory domains
In the context of multiple Microsoft Active Directory domains linked by an approval relationship, an Active Directory and SSO agent need to be defined in the firewall's configuration for each of these domains.
SPNEGO and Kerberos cannot be used on several Active Directory domains.
The IPsec Phase 1 negotiation is incompatible with multiple Microsoft Active Directories for the authentication of mobile clients.
The IKEv1 protocol requires extended authentication (XAUTH).
Users that have been defined as administrators on the firewall must originate from the default directory.
Users can only authenticate on the default directory via SSL certificate and Radius.
Multi-user authentication on the same machine in cookie mode does not support the CONNECT method (HTTP). This method is generally used with an explicit proxy for HTTPS connections. For this type of authentication, you are advised to use "transparent" mode. For further information, please refer to our online help at documentation.stormshield.eu, under the section "Authentication".
The management of multiple LDAP directories requires authentication that specifies the authentication domain: user@domain.
The <space> character is not supported in user logins.
Users may only log out from an authentication session using the same method used during authentication. For example, a user authenticated with the SSO agent method will not be able to log off via the authentication portal as the user would need to provide a cookie to log off, which does not exist in this case.
Whenever a temporary account is created, the firewall will automatically generate an 8-character long password. If there are global password policies that impose passwords longer than 8 characters, the creation of a temporary account would then generate an error and the account cannot be used for authentication.
In order to use temporary accounts, you will therefore need a password policy restricted to a maximum of 8 characters.
Support reference 28665
The application inventory carried out by the Vulnerability manager is based on the IP address of the machine initiating the traffic in order to index applications.
For hosts with an IP address shared among several users, for example an HTTP proxy, a TSE server or a router that dynamically translates the source, may greatly increase the load on the module. You are therefore advised to place the addresses of these machines in an exclusion list (unsupervised elements).
Stormshield Network administration suite
Support reference 28665
The command CLI MONITOR FLUSH SA ALL was initially meant to disable ongoing IPSec tunnels by deleting their SAs (security associations). However, as Bird dynamic routing also uses this type of security association (SA), this command would degrade the Bird configuration, preventing any connections from being set up.
The Bird service must be restarted in order to resolve this issue.